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Sand Crab, Blue Swimmer Crab, Mud Crab

Standard Names: Spanner Crab, Blue Swimmer Crab, Mud Crab, Snow Crab, Giant Crab

There are many species of crabs but the main 3 you will see at market are Mud Crab, Blue Swimmer Crab and Spanner Crab

Crabs are usually sold either live or cooked, as they deteriorate rapidly when stored dead. They are caught using baited pots and other traps, and as bycatch of trawl fisheries

Soft shelled crabs are any crab that has shed is hard exterior shell during its natural moulting cycle. In Australia they are generally Blue Swimmer Crabs. They are farmed in QLD using high tech robotics to detect when they have moulted and enable them to be harvested. Be aware, however, that the majority of soft shell crabs sold in Australia are from Asia

Government Stock Assessment
Fishing Pressure Biomass AMCS Listing Accreditations
Blue Swimmer
QLD Sustainable Eat Less -
NSW Fully Fished Eat Less -
SA Sustainable Eat Less -
WA Sustainable Say No Crabs from Peel Harvey Estuarine Fishery have MSC certification
Western Australia
-Cockburn Sound
Environmentally Limited -
-Shark Bay
Transitional, recovering -
Mud Crab Northern Aust.
(Western Gulf of Carpentaria
'Transitional Depleting')
Better Choice -
Eastern Stock
Undefined -
Giant Crab WA Sustainable - -
SA & VIC Undefined -
TAS Overfished -
Spanner Crab NSW Fully Fished - -
QLD Not Fully Utilised Better Choice -
Crystal Crab Aust. West Coast
deep sea crab fishery
Acceptable Adequate - Certified by Marine
Stewardship Council
  What do these terms mean?

The Why & How of Sustainability

Spanner Crab has been identified as a sustainable choice by the Nature Conservation Council of NSW.

The AMCS cites depleted stocks of Blue Swimmer Crab in determining their rating, expressing particular concerns about heavily depleted stocks in WA as a result of overfishing.

Giant Crab is potentially vulnerable to overfishing.

Crab fisheries generally utilise pots or traps, and as such have little interaction with threatened species, bycatch, or habitat damage associated with their capture.

More information on Government stock assessments and the Australian Crab Fisheries is available using the following links: Mud Crab, Giant Crab, Blue Swimmer Crab, Spanner Crab

Preparation & Cooking:

Mud Crabs are found in coastal mangrove flats in QLD, NT, WA and NSW and have firm, strong flavoured flesh.

Blue Swimmer Crabs are popular for their soft, sweet, slightly nutty meat. The majority of the commercial catch comes from southern QLD.

Spanner crabs have a more distinctive taste then other crabs and soft white flesh. They come from QLD and NSW, peaking from July to August.

If you have bought cooked meat, pick it from the shell for a salad or to toss through a light pasta dish. Raw crabs can be steamed, poached, stir fried, deep fried or barbequed. They are excellent with fresh asian flavours. They are also good in curries, and the shells should be used to make a soup or sauce.

SOFT SHELL CRABS are most commonly served deep fried. This method provides a crunchy exterior that serves as a satisfying contrast to the soft sweet meat inside. Lightly dust in seasoned flour or cornflour to achieve a golden, crunchy exterior, or coat in a light tempura batter.

For information on humane methods of killing crabs and other crustaceans, check out the info provided by the RSPCA HERE

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